Archive | Eminent Domain

May a Religious Organization’s Land be Condemned?

Yes, if the procedural and due process requirements of the Eminent Domain Procedure Law are complied, a church or synagogue’s land may be taken by eminent domain. Religious organizations often alleged that they are protected by the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act (42 USC § 2000cc et seq.).  However, the Act only applies to a zoning and landmarking law.  Case law provides that a government’s exercise of eminent domain does not constitute an application of a zoning law.  See St. John’s United Church of Christ v City of… read more

Posted in Eminent Domain, Religious Land Use & Institutionalized Persons Act, Religious Organization
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Chaining Yourself to a Tree Just Won’t Work: Relocating Condemnees.

The Oklahoma Turnpike Authority’s announcement to construct two new toll roads as part of a $5 billion expansion of the turnpike system brought pledges of refusing to cooperate if the Authority is awarded the land.  Residents are considering chaining themselves to tress, bulldozers or simply refusing to leave. According to an article published in “The Noman Transcript,” Oklahoma: Before an eviction order, if a landowner does not cooperate with the court’s ruling, the OTA could seek an injunction to order the person from “interfering with their (OTA’s) property rights,” Gray… read more

Posted in Eminent Domain, Eviction, Writ of Assistance
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The Infrastructure Package Means Business for Real Estate Investors

After much debate, President Joe Biden signed a $1.2 billion infrastructure bill (H.R. 3684) into law, finalizing a key part of his economic agenda.  The vote in the senate was uncommonly bipartisan; the yes votes included Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the Senate Republican Leader and 18 other Republicans. Funding for Roads and Bridges The legislation calls for investing $110 billion for roads, bridges and major infrastructure projects.  That’s significantly less than the $159 billion hat Biden initially requested in the American Jobs Plan. Included is $40 billion for bridge… read more

Posted in Construction, Eminent Domain, Infrastructure Package
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Racism and Eminent Domain

An old case which has sparked national “condemnation” was the 1924 taking of “Bruce’s Beach” in Manhattan Beach, California.  The resort was established by Willa and Charles Bruce in 1912.  It was a destination where black tourists could swim, dance, eat and rest. The City claimed that it needed the property for a public park, but left it undeveloped.  Today it is used to train lifeguards. Manhattan Beach has been grappling with the history of Bruce’s Beach for years. The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors voted unanimously to begin… read more

Posted in Eminent Domain, Racism
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FEDERAL POWER OF EMINENT DOMAIN CAN BE DELEGATED TO PRIVATE PARTIES

The United States Supreme Court has rendered an usual number of decisions dealing with eminent domain.  On June 29, 2021, the Court decided PennEast Pipeline Co. v New Jersey, 594 U.S. __ (2021).  The Court held that the Federal Government had properly delegated to private companies’ federal authority to condemn necessary rights-of-way in state owned property. The Natural Gas Act regulates the transportation and sale of natural gas in interstate commerce.  The Act requires natural gas companies to obtain from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (“FERC”) a certificate recognizing that… read more

Posted in Delegated Power of Eminent Domain, Eminent Domain, PennEast Pipeline
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